The South Asian earthquake of 26 December 2004, the largest in the last 40 years and fifth largest since 1900, registering 9 on the Richter scale, and the tsunami that followed it, caused a disaster leading to the deaths of more than 220,000 people.
|The word "tsunami," meaning harbour wave in Japanese, became part of the languages of the world in the aftermath of the 15 June, 1896, Great Meiji Tsunami that hit Japan and in which 21,000 people lost their lives
1,000 square-kilometre faults that appeared as the result of the movement of great underground plates and the enormous energy created by landmasses changing place combined with the great energy occurring in the oceans to create tsunamis. The tsunamis struck the South Asian countries of Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Malaysia, Thailand, Bangladesh, Myanmar, the Maldives and the Seychelles, and even the coast of the African country of Somalia, some 5,000 kilometres away.
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